Although most of us are aware that the common cold is due to a viral infection, back pain is often a mystery to most of its sufferers. To understand back pain New Jersey sufferers must understand the anatomy of the spine. The spinal bones or vertebrae of the lower back consist of posterior joints called facets that link vertebrae to one another and serve to guide the motion of the spine. The intervertebral discs connect the bodies of the vertebrae. In a canal located between the body and the facets of the vertebrae is the spinal cord. The spinal nerves exit the spine between the vertebrae.

They are composed of a form of tough cartilage that encases a soft material in the center called the nucleus. The primary function of the disc is to be a shock absorber and spacer between the vertebrae. Ligaments and muscles also connect the vertebrae. The bottom wedge-shaped bone at the bottom of the spine is the sacrum, which is joined to the two pelvic bones at the sacroiliac joint.

The majority of back pain patients have experienced no trauma, accidents or major injuries prior to the onset of their problems. The cause of most back pain is the cumulative effect of improper sitting posture, poor work habits, incorrect lifting, lack of proper exercise and other lifestyle-related factors. All of these factors cause stress and imbalances on the spine and eventually pain. This is why people often injure their back by just bending over to pick up a piece of paper. Chances are the spine was already compromised and just the simple act of bending was enough to set off the problem. When this occurs, the surrounding back muscles go into spasm to protect the stressed or injured tissues of the back. Whether you’re looking for lower back pain relief, sciatica pain treatment or therapy for a pinched nerve in lower back, Cornerstone is the area’s most renowned chiropractor for lower back pain.

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